Uses of Zopiclone
Zopiclone is prescribed for the short-term treatment of insomnia including:
- Nocturnal wakening
- Difficulties falling asleep
- Early wakening
- Transient, situational, or chronic insomnia
- Insomnia secondary to psychiatric disturbances
How does it work?
Zopiclone is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant that helps you get to sleep faster and sleep through the night. It is a type of non-benzodiazepine hypnotic drug that acts in the brain to fall asleep.
Zopiclone works by increasing the activity of GABA in the brain. GABA is a natural body chemical that sends messages between nerve cells. GABA acts as a natural “nerve-calming” agent. It is involved in reducing anxiety, inducing sleepiness, and relaxing the muscles. It helps decreases the time it takes to fall asleep and the number of times you wake up in the night. It also increases the total amount of time you spent sleeping.
How much Zopiclone to take?
Zopiclone takes around 1 to 2 hours to work and it is usually prescribed for just 2 to 4 weeks.
For the treatment of insomnia:
- Adults: Take 5 mg (women) or 5 to 10 mg (men) per day before bedtime. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed. The maximum dose is 10 mg a day.
- Older adults: Take 5 mg a day before bedtime
The dose for patients with kidney, liver, and the respiratory problem is 3.75 mg a day. The treatment duration of transient insomnia is two to five days and two to three weeks for short-term insomnia.
Swallow the tablet whole. Do not break, suck, or chew the tablet. Do not increase your dose or take it for longer than the required duration of the treatment without informing your doctor.
Tips for taking Zopiclone safely and effectively
- Using sleeping pills every night for a long time can cause the pills to be less effective. Sleeping pills like Zopiclone should be used only for a short time. If you think you need to take this medicine longer than the required length of treatment, discuss it with your doctor.
- Do not use this for no longer than one to two weeks. ong-term usage of Zopiclone can lead to the development of physical and psychological dependence.
- This medication can cause drowsiness and the effect can last into the next day. Use with care if you are operating machinery or engaging in an activity that requires mental focus.
- Pregnant women should use this medicine only when clearly needed. Discuss the risk and benefits with your doctor.
- Do not take this if you are drinking alcohol or if you’ve taken other medications that make you feel sleepy.
- If you want to stop taking Zopiclone, do it gradually. Do not stop all of a sudden to avoid sleeping problems and possible withdrawal effects.
- Zopiclone can cause side effects like drowsiness, dizziness, muscle weakness, and impaired concentration. These effects may continue into the next day.
- Tell your doctor about your medicines including over-the-counter ones to prevent possible side effects.
- Zopiclone may cause an allergic reaction that requires immediate medical attention. Call your doctor if you have skin itching, rash, hives, trouble breathing or swallowing, swelling of the face, mouth, or throat.
Who can and can’t take Zopiclone?
Do not take Zopiclone if:
- You are under 18 years of age
- You have severe liver problems
- You have severe breathing problems
- You have sleep apnea syndrome, in which, your breathing stops for a short time while you sleep.
- You have myasthenia gravis, which involves abnormal muscle weakness.
- You are allergic to any of its ingredients
Use with extreme caution among patients with:
- Liver or kidney problems
- A history of alcohol or drug abuse
- Psychiatric illness such as personality disorder
- Who has been suffering from long-term breathing problems such as COPD, and asthma.