Vigabatrin is a prescription used in a medical condition called infantile spasms. It is a seizure disorder in babies that makes the muscle in the arms and legs stiff. This medication may also be used along with other medications for the treatment of seizure disorders. Vigabatrin is an anticonvulsant that lessens the number of seizures in children and adults. This is an FDA-approved prescription for oral use.
How does Vigabatrin work?
The nerves and the brain consist of several nerve cells that connect through electrical signals. These signals should be sensibly regulated for the nerves and brain to work well. When unusual electrical signals are being released in the brain, it becomes over-stimulated. The normal function is also disturbed which results in seizures.
Vigabatrin works by affecting the activity of GABA. It is a neurotransmitter which is a natural body chemical stored in the nerve cells. Neurotransmitters are involved in transmitting messages between the nerve cells. GABA helps keep the electrical nerve activity in the brain in balance because it is considered a natural nerve-calming agent. This medication prevents the breakdown of GABA in the brain. This also allows GABA to calm the nerve activity in the brain which helps prevent seizures.
How is Vigabatrin taken?
The dosage and how often you take Vigabatrin is based on your medical condition and how you respond to it. Your doctor may recommend starting you with a lower dose and gradually increasing it. Do not take more or less than the prescription given by your doctor.
- For the treatment of infantile spasm, this medicine is usually taken once a day, in the evening. When your child is already used to the drug, you may start giving them twice a day; once in the morning and once in the evening.
- For the treatment of seizure disorders, this medicine is given twice a day.
Each dose of this medication may be taken with or without food. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day. If you have any other seizure medications, continue taking them unless otherwise directed by your doctor. If your condition does not improve, inform your doctor.
What are the precautions in taking Vigabatrin?
- Vigabatrin should be used with caution in children, elderly people, and people with decreased kidney function.
- People with a history of mental disorders, behavioral problems, and depression should consult their doctor before taking this medicine.
- This medicine may cause an allergic reaction. Let your doctor know if you ever had an allergic reaction to this drug. This may contain some ingredients that cause an allergic reaction. Call for emergency medical help if you have any signs of an allergic reaction.
- This medication should not be used in people with significant eye problems that have impaired their field of vision.
- If you are a pregnant or breastfeeding woman, do not use this product without consulting your doctor.
- This drug may make you feel dizzy. Do not use any machinery or drive unless you know how this affects you.
- Women with epilepsy need to take to the doctor accountable for their treatment of epilepsy before becoming pregnant. Those drugs may be associated with an increased risk of developmental disorders and malformations in the baby.