Where is Acarbose used?
Acarbose is a medicine used to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This is taken along with proper diet and exercise. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke. This controls your high blood sugar and helps avoid:
- Loss of limbs
- Nerve problems
- Kidney damage
- Sexual function problems
If you have type 2 diabetes mellitus, your body doesn’t use the hormone insulin normally. It can’t control the amount of sugar or glucose in the blood. This medication is an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor. It is a type of drug that helps control glucose levels. It slows the digestion of carbohydrates or starches and sugars in food. This medication is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
How does Acarbose work?
Acarbose works by reducing the breakdown and absorption of starches and sugars in the gut. It does this by stopping the action of enzymes in the intestine that would commonly break down the starches and sugars that you eat. It will turn into molecules that are small enough to be absorbed into the bloodstream. It has the most effect on an enzyme called sucrase, which usually breaks down a type of sugar called sucrose.
This is taken with meals to delay the breakdown of starches and sugars in the gut and slow down the absorption into the blood. Thus, it prevents the rise in blood sugar that usually occurs fowling a meal and helps smooth out daily fluctuations in blood sugar.
How is Acarbose taken?
The recommended dosage of Acarbose is usually 3 times daily. It is taken with the first bite of every meal. The dosage will depend on your medical condition and response to the treatment. Take it at the same time each day. Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it.
If you have been advised by your doctor about taking regular exercise, changes to your diet, or stopping smoking, you need to follow the advice you have been given. Before taking up any new physical exercise, check with your doctor, as this will affect your blood sugar levels. Also, you may need to check your urine or blood levels more regularly.
What are the precautions in using Acarbose?
- Before taking Acarbose, tell to your doctor if you have any kind of stomach or digestion problem.
- Do not drink alcohol. It can affect the control of your blood sugar. You can ask your doctor if you need further advice.
- Do not take this past the expiration date.
- Do not share your medication with others who have the same conditions as yours.
- Let your doctor know if you are taking any other medications including vitamins or herbal supplements.
- This may not be recommended for use in pregnant or breastfeeding women. This should only be used when needed.
- If you allergic to it or any containing ingredients of this medicine, inform your doctor.
- Keep this drug in a dry and clean place.